Imran Khan, in full Imran Ahmad Khan Niazi, (born November 25, 1952, Lahore, Pakistan), Pakistani cricket player, politician, philanthropist, and prime minister of Pakistan (2018–till now) who lead his country to victory at the 1992 Cricket World Cup and later entered politics as a critic of government corruption in Pakistan.
He was born into an affluent Pashtun family of Mianwali in Lahore and was educated at elite schools in Pakistan and the United Kingdom, including Aitchison College in Lahore and the Royal Grammar School in Worcester. In his teens Imran Khan played cricket in Pakistan and the United Kingdom and continued playing at the University of Oxford while studying philosophy, politics, and economics. Khan made his first-class cricket debut aged sixteen in Lahore. During the early 1970s, he was playing for different Lahore-based smaller teams before making it into the main team in 1970–71. Khan was part of University of Oxford's Blues Cricket team between 1973 and 1975. He played county cricket from 1971 to 1976 for Worcestershire, as an average medium-pace bowler.
After his education from Oxford was finished and fulfilling his tenure at Worcestershire, he came back to Pakistan in 1976 and became a regular in the national team since the 1976–1992 season. His initial Tests were against the mighty New Zealand and Australian teams. The series that followed up was the West Indian Series in where Tony Greig signed him up for Kerry Packer's World Series Cricket.
He earned the name as the fastest bowler in the tournament when he bowled at the pace of 139.7 km/h, which was the third fastest ball in that tournament.
In 1980s Khan become an exceptional bowler and all-rounder, and at the age of 30, he took over the captaincy from Javed Miandad in 1982. He captained his side in 48 test matches in which 14 were won and 8 were lost.
In the 139 ODIs he had captained, he led his team across the finishing line on 77 occasions and losing 57 matches.
During the 1982 season, he played 9 tests and he got 62 wickets at an average of 13.29 which is the lowest average of any bowler in Test history with at least 50 wickets in a year.
He achieved the all-rounder's triple of 300 Test wickets and 3000 Test runs in just his 75th Tests, the second fastest record behind Ian Botham who reached the milestone 3 matches earlier.
He was named as the Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1983. He even won the Sussex Cricket Society Player of the Year in 1985. At the age of 39, he successfully led Pakistan to victory in the 1992 Cricket World Cup and contributed mainly with the bat rather than with the ball throughout the series. In January 1992, he retired having secured a reputation as one of the greatest cricket players in history. He made in total 3,807 runs and took 362 wickets in Test cricket and become one of the eight world cricketers to have achieved an 'All-rounder's Triple' in Test matches.
He faced scandal after retirement after admitting to tampering with the ball with a bottle top in his youth. In 2003, he became a coach in Pakistan's domestic cricket circuit and in 2010 during the International Cricket Council's centennial year celebration; he was one amongst the fifty-five cricketers inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame.
He is also founder of the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital, which opened in 1994 and founded Namal College, Mianwali in 2008.
In 1996, he founded his own political party, Tehreek-e-Insaf (Justice Movement). From November 2002 to October 2007, he was an elected parliamentarian of his native constituency Mianwali in the the National Assembly and was again elected during the 11 May 2013 general elections, when in the National Assembly his party gained 35 seats. From 2013 to 2018, Khan served as the parliamentary leader of the party and led the third-largest block of parliamentarians in the National Assembly. In July 2018, his party won a plurality of seats in the National Assembly and defeated the ruling PML-N. He became prime minister on August 18.