The longer Test format, the ODI and T20, all are differentiated through the primary parameter of bowling, the number of overs. While Test has no limits, ODI is played for 50 overs and T20s restrict the game to just 20 overs. This scaling of balls brings the major changes to the game with impressions on the rate of run and batting instances to notch them. Here are some numbers from each of the format that brings out diversified impression of batting in the format.
Boundaries and Sixes have always been the prime determinant of a score, which is ultimately reflected in the result of a match. Test format poses slow innings as there are no bounds on the number of overs. It is only the wickets that a team has to take care of. In Test matches a wicket falls in every 63 balls. In modern day Tests, in every 16 balls a four is hit while a six is hit once in every 281 balls. This makes longer shots rare in these matches. Only 17 fours are hit for every six. In test matches, there are fewer boundaries even if the lines are rarely protected. Bowling becomes an imperative stance in this format as, to win a Test match, the team must bowl fine. Only the bad deliveries find ways beyond the ground. Records show that most of teams who loosed Test matches had weak bowling instances.
In the 50 over ODI format, the number of boundaries to ball is higher. Compared to Test matches, more boundaries are smashed in this format. In ODI, seven fours are hit in contrast to a six. Longer runs however, do not play the decisive role in here. Numbers have suggested that singles, double and such short runs are more important in the 50 over game. The frequency of boundaries and sixes cannot scale up to the availability of balls. To reduce the importance of short runs batsmen will have to score runs through big shots. When batsmen are able to smash these long runs, the scores culminates as 300 plus or four hundred plus in 50 overs. In this format, a wicket is down in every 36 balls. A rule of winning the longer format cricket has been keeping the opposite team to less than 100 singles. In contrast, if a team can acquire more than 110 singles in an inning, the chance of victory is more.
T20, the next gen cricket
The previous equations are all disrupted in the shorter T20 format. In T20 matches, a four is hit in every 10 balls and a six in every 26 balls. It means; there are 2.7 fours for every six. Numbers have suggested that an average winning team in T20 games like IPL faces 6.2 fewer balls than the oppositions. As data suggests, the percentage of winning teams that faced fewer dot balls than their opponents is 76%. Additionally, most of the winners collect less runs through singles or doubles while emphasizing on boundaries and sixes. It is recorded that an average winning IPL team scores 1.25 fewer non boundaries than their adversaries.
The winning factor in T20 is the ability to take more runs through fours and sixes. IPL data indicates that an average winning team scored 2.2 more fours and 1.4 more sixes than the average losing team. Another striking figure is, in IPL, the teams that amassed more runs through fours and sixes won 79% of all matches. The difference of runs collected through boundaries between the winning and losing teams is about 17. In this format, the only factor is to score runs not saving wickets, unlike test formats. In T20 games a wicket is down in every 18 balls.
Batting has being always the major streak in cricket because it is the one that brings out 'Runs', the fuel that sustains the show. The anatomy of acquiring runs in a match is what determines the ultimate result. The theory is not just a proposition, but a fact corroborated by numbers and concrete figures. As cricket is now a combination of several formats of the game, each format is bringing up their own aspects and specialties.
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