ODI has evolved through the ages since its inception more than four decades back. The birth of ODI was rather unusual, as it was an unexpected occasion where the format was introduced. It was the Test Series between Australia and England at Melbourne Cricket Ground in 1971. The test match was halted due to rain for first three days and ICC rolled out its master plan to play a limited over match consisting of 48 balls a side. It was on January 5, when the match was played with a red ball. The first ODI was won by Australia by 5 runs.
The format seemed to have grown over time since its birth and in 1975, the first limited overs ODI format of 60 overs a side was rolled out. It was the Prudential World Cup in England that introduced the format officially. Back then, the maximum runs a team reached was about 280. The major difficulties to score was the ground with unrestricted fielder position. The restriction at bowlers end was a maximum of 11 overs each. The 60 over ODIs were played until the 1983 Prudential World Cup. The final match of the tournament was between India and West Indies at Lords. It was a historic moment for India where the bowlers outshined the batsmen in the match. India had a meagre score of 183 which the team defended restricting West Indies to 140.
Meanwhile, several changes in the attire and features were introduced into the format. Coloured uniforms, white balls, dark side-screens emerged by the latter half of 1970s. The match with its new avatar was played in Melbourne in 1979 with most of the new introductions by Kerry Packer. Further in 2001, white uniforms were abandoned completely in 2001 as colored kits were introduced. Also, the red cherry ball was replaced with the white ball.
Feilding restrictions were introduced in 1980-81 ODI matches in Australia. 1992 World Cup witnessed a number of fielding rules. This includes the rule to allow only two players outside the outer circle in the first 15 overs, after which, five fielders were allowed outside the circle. After, powerplays were introduced as two five overs and two fielders allowed outside the circle for the first 10 overs. The power-play timings were decided by the bowling team, which was changed in 2008, to the batting team deciding the timing of one and the other by the bowling team.
Introduction of power-play is perhaps the prime reason why ODIs scores shot out. 400s are becoming the new 300s in the format with teams scoring higher and higher. In the same way, the score seems to be achievable for the chasing teams as well. So far, there were 18 matches were scores soared up running past the 400th mark. The match between England and Pakistan being the latest. Presently, only batsmen can decide the power-play and the number of fielders in 30-yard circle is reduced from five to four.
Thus, the ODI format has changed throughout its lifespan since its inception. ICC has been changing the rules and features of the format to make it more challenging as well as interesting. It is expected that there would be further changes to the format, including the re-emergence if pink ball and day night formats. It all depends on how the fans and especially the players take on the changes.
India and Pakistan ready to battle in Asia Cup
India lining up the bests for Asia Cup
India ready with new squad for Test series
Outstanding Root keeps Series at home thumping
India, England ready for ‘Pressure less’
Pakistan’s intense attack sets Zimbabwe on
Sri Lanka Captain, Manager and Coach suspended
India’s Wrist Spin ensemble to undergo big test
Nepal to play maiden ODI against Netherland in
India wraps up T20 Series against England winning
Shaw-Agarwal pair relieves India A with a strong
West Indies topples Bangladesh at 62 for 6 by end
ICC hardens Codes of Conduct; Ball Tempering will
Kemar Roach slogs Bangladesh to their lowest ever
Finch’s record knock hands greatest T20